Recent Research Activities

Paper accepted at EACL 2023

In this collaboration with Adobe Research, we generate synthetic scanpaths to improve downstream NLP tasks. Preprint available here.

EU COST Action approved

Take a look at our newly approved MutliplEYE COST Action on enabling multilingual eye-tracking data collection for human and machine language processing research.

The Copenhagen Eye Tracking Corpus (CopCo)

CopCo, the Danish eye tracking corpus from natural reading is finally available here (and will continue to grow)! Upcoming LREC 2022 publication now out.

New project on explainable NLP

Thanks to funding from Carlsberg, we will build a multilingual corpus of webcam eye-tracking to learn human rationales from gaze patterns.

Selected Publications

A complete list of publications is available on my Google Scholar profile.


Nora Hollenstein & Mircea Lungu. Analyzing User Interactions to Estimate Reading Time in Web-Based L2 Reader Applications. Proceedings of EUROCALL. 2022. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein, Itziar Gonzalez-Dios, Lisa Beinborn & Lena Jäger. Patterns of Text Readability in Human and Predicted Eye Movements. Proceedings of CogALex-VII. 2022. [PDF]

Stephanie Brandl & Nora Hollenstein. Every Word Counts: A Multilingual Analysis of Individual Human Alignment with Model Attention. Proceedings of AACL. 2022. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein, Maria Barrett & Marina Björnsdóttir. The Copenhagen Corpus of Eye Tracking Recordings from Natural Reading of Danish Texts. Proceedings of LREC. 2022. [PDF]

Thórhildur Thorleiksdóttir, Cédric Renggli, Nora Hollenstein & Ce Zhang. Dynamic Human Evaluation for Relative Model Comparisons. Proceedings of LREC. 2022. [PDF]

Sidsel Boldsen, Manex Agirrezabal & Nora Hollenstein. Interpreting Character Embeddings With Perceptual Representations: The Case of Shape, Sound, and Color. Proceedings of ACL. 2022. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein, Emmanuele Chersoni, Cassandra Jacobs, Yohei Oseki, Laurent Prévot & Enrico Santus. CMCL 2022 Shared Task on Multilingual and Crosslingual Prediction of Human Reading Behavior. Proceedings of the Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics. 2022. [PDF]


Nora Hollenstein, Emmanuele Chersoni, Cassandra Jacobs, Yohei Oseki, Laurent Prévot & Enrico Santus. CMCL 2021 Shared Task on Eye-Tracking Prediction. Proceedings of the Workshop on Cognitive Modeling and Computational Linguistics. 2021. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein & Lisa Beinborn. Relative Importance in Sentence Processing. Proceedings of the 59th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 11th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing. 2021. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein, Federico Pirovano, Ce Zhang, Lena Jäger & Lisa Beinborn. Multilingual Language Models Predict Human Reading Behavior. Proceedings of the International Conference of the North-American Assosciation for Computational Linguistics. 2021. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein. Leveraging Cognitive Processing Signals for Natural Language Understanding. ETH Zurich. 2021. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein, Cedric Renggli, Benjamin Glaus, Maria Barrett, Marius Troendle, Nicolas Langer & Ce Zhang. Decoding EEG Brain Activity for Multi-Modal Natural Language Processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 2021. [PDF]


Nora Hollenstein, Adrian van der Lek & Ce Zhang. CogniVal in Action: An Interface for Customizable Cognitive Word Embedding Evaluation. Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Computational Linguistics: System Demonstrations. 2020. [PDF]

Maria Barrett & Nora Hollenstein. Sequence labelling and sequence classification with gaze: Novel uses of eye‐tracking data for Natural Language Processing. Language and Linguistics Compass. 2020. [PDF]

Giuseppe Russo, Nora Hollenstein, Claudiu Musat & Ce Zhang. Control, Generate, Augment: A Scalable Framework for Multi-Attribute Text Generation. Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing: Findings. 2020. [PDF]

Nora Hollenstein, Maria Barrett & Lisa Beinborn. Towards best practices for leveraging human language processing signals for natural language processing. Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Linguistic and Neurocognitive Resources. 2020. [PDF]

Lukas Muttenthaler, Nora Hollenstein & Maria Barrett. Human brain activity for machine attention. arXiv preprint arXiv:2006.05113. 2020. [PDF]

Christian Pfeiffer, Nora Hollenstein, Ce Zhang & Nicolas Langer. Neural dynamics of sentiment processing during naturalistic sentence reading. NeuroImage, 218, 116934. 2020. [PDF]